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Air bronchogram

Air bronchogram refers to the phenomenon of air-filled bronchi (dark) being made visible by the opacification of surrounding alveoli (greywhite). It is almost always caused by a pathologic airspace (alveolar) process, in which something other than air fills the alveoli. Air bronchograms will not be visible if the bronchi themselves are opacified (e.g. by fluid).

Air bronchograms can be seen with several processes, including the following :

The air bronchogram indicates patent proximal airways.

Air bronchogams that persist for weeks despite appropriate antimicrobial therapy should raise the suspicion of a neoplastic process. CT or guided biopsy may be planned in such cases.

See also

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