Anophthalmia

Anophthalmia refers to a complete absence of ocular development. It is often considered to represent the most severe form of microphthalmia.

Pathology

It can occur in 3 different situations:

  • primary anophthalmia: complete absence of eye tissue due to a failure of the part of the brain that forms the eye
  • secondary anophthalmia: there is initial eye development which halts for some reason leaving behind only residual eye tissue or extremely small eyes which can only be seen under close examination
  • degenerative anophthalmia: there is initial ocular development but again for some reason starts to degenerate - possibly from lack of blood supply to the eye
Associations

Recognised associations are many and include:

History and etymology

It derives from the Greek word: ανόφθαλμος meaning "without eye"

Edit Article Share
URL of Article

Article Information:

rID: 15230
System: Obstetrics
Tag: cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Anophthalmos
  • Congenital anophthalmia (CA)
  • Congenital anophthalmia
  • Anophthalmias
  • Drag
    Case 1
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Drag
    Case 2
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Updating… Please wait.
    Loadinganimation

    Alert_accept

    Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

    Alert_accept Thank you for updating your details.