Cross-excitation artifact is a type of MRI artifact and refers to loss of signal within a slice due to pre-excitation from RF pulse meant for an adjacent slice.
The frequency profile of the RF pulse is imperfect; this means that during slice selection there is some degree of excitation of the adjacent slices as well. If that adjacent slice is imaged during the same TR (i.e., multi-slice imaging) or soon after (i.e., imaging without leaving a gap), it will be partially saturated to begin with, and the resulting signal will be reduced. This phenomenon is more conspicuous in inversion recovery (180°) sequences
- leaving a minimum gap of 1/3 slice thickness when imaging contiguous slices
- interleaving between slices
- employing 3D imaging if volume imaging is required
- Using optimized pulse sequences that have a time penalty of a higher minimum TE and reduced number of slices for a given TR.
- 1. Allisy-Roberts P, Williams J, Farr RF. Farr's Physics for Medical Imaging. W.B. Saunders Company. (2007) ISBN:0702028444. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 2. McRobbie DW, Moore EA, Graves MJ. MRI from picture to proton. Cambridge Univ Pr. (2007) ISBN:052168384X. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
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