Fetal ascites refers to the accumulation of free fluid in the fetal abdomen. It is often considered under the same spectrum of hydrops fetalis.
- any condition that results in hydrops can also cause fetal ascites
- additional situations include
In the case of simple ascites, free anechoic fluid is seen within the fetal abdominal cavity.
General considerations include
- fetal pseudo-ascites: hypoechoic abdominal wall muscles or occasionally the hypoechoic fetal omentum can artefactually mimic a small volume of ascites
- 1. Hadlock FP, Deter RL, Garcia-pratt J et-al. Fetal ascites not associated with Rh incompatibility: recognition and management with sonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1980;134 (6): 1225-30. AJR Am J Roentgenol (abstract) - Pubmed citation
- 2. Camanni D, Zaccara A, Capitanucci ML et-al. Isolated fetal ascites secondary to persistent urogenital sinus. Obstet Gynecol Int. 2009;2009 : 219010. doi:10.1155/2009/219010 - Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation
- 3. Merz E, Bahlmann F. Ultrasound in obstetrics and gynecology. Thieme Medical Publishers. (2005) ISBN:1588901475. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 4. Entezami M, Albig M, Knoll U et-al. Ultrasound Diagnosis of Fetal Anomalies. Thieme. (2003) ISBN:1588902129. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
Synonyms & Alternative Spellings
|Synonyms or Alternative Spelling||Include in Listings?|
|Ascites in utero||✗|