Garland triad (also known as the 1-2-3 sign or Pawnbrokers sign) is a lymph node enlargement pattern which has been described in sarcoidosis:
- right paratracheal nodes
- right hilar nodes
- left hilar nodes
Hilar lymphadenopathy is symmetrical and usually massive. These so called potato nodes don't usually abut the cardiac border which distinguishes it from lymphoma 3.
Involvement of right paratracheal nodes reflects the ease with which these nodes are identified on plain radiography.
Left paratracheal and aortopulmonary nodes are frequently enlarged but harder to identify 1.
- systemic manifestations
- pulmonary and mediastinal manifestations (chest x-ray staging)
- cardiac manifestations
- musculoskeletal manifestations
- head and neck manifestations
- central nervous system manifestations
- abdominal manifestations
- cutaneous manifestations
- 1. Miller BH, Rosado-de-christenson ML, Mcadams HP et-al. Thoracic sarcoidosis: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 1995;15 (2): 421-37. Radiographics (abstract) - Pubmed citation
- 2. Deepak D, Shah A. Thoracic sarcoidosis : The spectrum of roentgenologic appearances. Indian J Radiol Imaging 2001;11:191-8
- 3. . Chest Radiology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. (2012) ISBN:146980204X. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon