Madelung disease is a rare benign entity clinically characterized by the presence of multiple and symmetric, non-encapsulated masses of fatty tissue, usually involving the neck and the upper region of the trunk.
It should not be confused with the Madelung deformity of the wrist.
Madelung disease is most commonly seen in the Mediterranean population with a male to female ratio of 15:1. The commonest age of onset is between the third and fifth decades.
Although the etiology is unknown, approximately 60 - 90% of patients present a previous history of moderate to severe alcoholism.
Treatment and prognosis
The treatment is surgical resection (lipossuction or conventional surgery), indicated when there is evidence of aerodigestive compression and presence of esthetic deformities. Recurrence is frequently observed.
Its first description was in 1846 by Benjamin Brodie. The classical horse collar pattern of cervical lipomas distribution was described by Otto W. Madelung in 1888.
Launois and Bensaude concluded the description of the syndrome in 1898, naming it as multiple symmetrical adenolipomatosis.
- 1. Farias TP, Dias FL, Freitas EQ, et al. Tratamento cirúrgico da doença de Madelung: relato de caso. Rev Bras Cir Cabeça Pescoço. 2003;32:23-6.
- 2. Adamo C, Vescio G, Battaglia M et-al. Madelung's disease: case report and discussion of treatment options. Ann Plast Surg. 2001;46 (1): 43-5. Ann Plast Surg (link) - Pubmed citation
Synonyms & Alternative Spellings
|Synonyms or Alternative Spelling||Include in Listings?|
|Multiple symmetrical lipomatosis||✓|
|Benign systemic lipomatosis||✓|