Renal medullary nephrocalcinosis is commonest form of nephrocalcinosis and refers to deposition of calcium salts in the medulla of the kidney. Due to the concentrating effects of the loops of Henle, and the biochemical milieu of the medulla, compared to the cortex, it is 20 times more common than cortical nephrocalcinosis.
Often (and by no means surprisingly) the same entities are also liable to lead to nephrolithiasis (renal calculi).
Causes include 1-2:
- 1. Eisenberg RL, Margulis AR. The Right Imaging Study, A Guide for Physicians. Springer Verlag. (2008) ISBN:0387737731. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 2. Dähnert W. Radiology Review Manual. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. (2007) ISBN:0781766206. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 3. Boyce AM, Shawker TH, Hill SC et-al. Ultrasound is superior to computed tomography for assessment of medullary nephrocalcinosis in hypoparathyroidism. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2013;98 (3): 989-94. doi:10.1210/jc.2012-2747 - Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation
- 4. Kim YG, Kim B, Kim MK et-al. Medullary nephrocalcinosis associated with long-term furosemide abuse in adults. Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. 2002;16 (12): 2303-9. Pubmed citation
Synonyms & Alternative Spellings
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