The Pancoast syndrome results from involvement of brachial plexus and sympathetic chain by a Pancoast tumour, or less commonly from other tumours involving the superior pulmonary sulcus. The syndrome consists of:
- shoulder pain
- C8 - T2 radicular pain
- Horner syndrome
The classical syndrome is uncommon, with the Horner syndrome present in only 25%.
Pancoast syndrome as a result of superior sulcus tumours was described in a number of publications (Hare 1838 and Ciuffini in 1911) before Pancoast reported it using the term 'superior pulmonary sulcus tumour' 2.
- Edward Selleck Hare (1812 - 1838) British physician.
- Publio Ciuffini (? - ?) Italian physician.
- Henry Khunrath Pancoast (1875 - 1939) American radiologist, Philadelphia.
Synonyms & Alternative Spellings
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