Plasma cell mastitis is a benign breast condition which represents calcification of inspissated secretions in or immediately adjacent to ectatic benign ducts.
It is typically seen in older women (e.g. > 60 years of age).
It is thought to represent aseptic inflammation of the breast from extravasation of intraductal secretions into periductal connective tissue.
Plasma cell mastitis has a characteristic appearance. Calcifications are thick, linear, rod-like or cigar-shaped. Calcifications can be up to 10 mm long. They tend to be bilateral, often symmetrical in distribution and oriented with long axes pointing toward the nipple1. Branching may sometimes be seen.
Treatment and prognosis
It is a benign entity and there no increased risk of malignancy 3.
- 1. Sickles EA. Breast calcifications: mammographic evaluation. Radiology. 1986;160 (2): 289-93. Radiology (abstract) - Pubmed citation
- 2. Rosen PP. Rosen's breast pathology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. (2001) ISBN:0781723795. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 3. Fischer U, Baum F, Luftner-Nagel S. Breast imaging. Thieme Publishing Group. (2008) ISBN:3131451211. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 4. Paredes ES. Atlas of mammography. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. (2007) ISBN:0781764335. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
Synonyms & Alternative Spellings
|Synonyms or Alternative Spelling||Include in Listings?|
|Secretory disease of the breast||✓|
|Secreatory breast disease||✗|