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Renal osteodystrophy

Renal osteodystrophy (ROD), also known as uraemic osteopathy, is the constellation of musculoskeletal abnormalities that occur in patients with chronic renal failure, due to concurrent and superimposed:

  • osteomalacia (adults) / rickets (children)
  • secondary hyperparathyroidism: abnormal calcium and phosphate metabolism
    • bone resorption
    • osteosclerosis
    • soft tissue and vascular calcifications
    • brown tumours
  • aluminum intoxication, e.g. if the patient is on dialysis

Radiographic features

Imaging findings are many and varied:

Differential diagnosis

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