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Renal osteodystrophy

Renal osteodystrophy (ROD) is the constellation of musculoskeletal abnormalities that occur in patients with chronic renal failure, due to concurrent and superimposed:

Radiographic features

Imaging findings are many and varied :

  • osteopaenia : often seen early
  • thinning of cortices and trabeculae
  • salt and pepper skull
  • subperiosteal resorption : characteristic subperiosteal resorption may be seen on radial aspects of middle phalanges of index and long fingers.
  • rugger-jersey spine : sclerosis of the vertebral body end plates
  • demineralization : usually subperisosteal, however it may also involve joint margins, endosteal, subchondral, subligamentous areas, cortical bone or trabeculae5 
  • soft tissue calcification
  • amyloid deposition : erosion in and around joint
  • fractures

Differential diagnosis

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