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Sever disease

Sever disease refers to a calcaneal apophysitis (an inflammation of the apophysis of the heel)  which occurs in children and young adolescents.

Epidemiology

It typically presents in active young children (especially ones who engage in jumping and running sports). 

Pathology

The condition is thought to result from repetitive microtrauma to growth plates of the calcaneus. Although some of the recent articles says, there is no evidence to support that weight and activity levels are risk factors for Sever's disease.6

Associations

High plantar foot pressures are associated with Sever's disease, although it is unclear whether they are a predisposing factor or a result of the condition. Gastrocnemius equinus may be a predisposing factor for Sever's disease.7

Clinical presentation

Patients tend to present with posterior heel pain which is usually aggravated by physical activity such as walking, running or jumping.

Radiographic features

Sever disease is most often diagnosed clinically, and radiographic evaluation is believed to be unnecessary by many physicians, but  If a diagnosis of calcaneal apophysitis is made without obtaining radiographs, a lesion requiring more aggressive treatment could be missed.4

Foot radiographs are usually normal and the radiologic identification of calcaneal apophysitis without the absence of clinical information was not reliable.9

Prognosis

The condition is self limiting with brief limitation of activity sometimes being advocated.

Treatment

Common advice is to reduce physical activity.8

Etymology

It is named after Dr J W Sever, American (US) physician 1

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