Soft-tissue calcification is commonly seen and caused by a wide range of pathology.
Soft tissue calcifications are usually caused by one of the following six entities as listed below in order of prevalence:
- dystrophic soft-tissue calcification: 95-98%
- chondrocalcinosis : 1-2%
- metastatic calcification : 1-2%
- idiopathic tumoural calcinosis : << 1%
- metastatic osteocarcinoma : <<< 1%
- primary soft-tissue osteocarcinoma : <<<< 1%
Dystrophic soft-tissue calcification
Dystrophic soft-tissue calcification is the commonest cause of soft-tissue calcification and is caused by calcification of damaged tissues. The amorphous calcification that results may be small or large. In some cases, ossification may occur - this is characterised by cortical formation and a central medullary cavity.
- 1. http://www.rad.washington.edu/academics/academic-sections/msk/teaching-materials/online-musculoskeletal-radiology-book/soft-tissue-calcifications
- 2. Banks KP, Bui-Mansfield LT, Chew FS et-al. A compartmental approach to the radiographic evaluation of soft-tissue calcifications. Semin Roentgenol. 2005;40 (4): 391-407. doi:10.1053/j.ro.2005.01.021 - Pubmed citation
Synonyms & Alternative Spellings
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|Differential diagnosis of soft tissue calcification||✗|