Temporalis and masseter hypertrophy
bilateral painless temporal and facial swellings
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Bilateral temporalis and masseter muscles are hypertrophic resulting in "pseudomasses".Commonly seen in anxious individuals with "bruxism" and in chronic gum chewing.
unilateral occurence and isolated temporalis/masseter enlargement has also been reported but is rare.
Somtimes gives a "threatening" appearance to the face, this can create morpho-psychological conflict in a gentle individual resulting in the "minotaur syndrome"
- Pary A, Pary K. Masseteric hypertrophy: considerations regarding treatment planning decisions and introduction of a novel surgical technique. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. 2011;69 (3): 944-9. doi:10.1016/j.joms.2010.06.205 - Pubmed citation
- Chrispal A, Boorugu HK. Benign masticatory muscle hypertrophy. J Assoc Physicians India. 2009;57 : 764. - Pubmed citation
- Morselli PG. Temporalis muscle hypertrophy: a new plastic surgery procedure. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 2000;106 (5): 1156-61. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. (link) - Pubmed citation