Citation, DOI & article data
1p19q codeletion stands for the combined loss of the short arm chromosome 1 (i.e. 1p) and the long arm of chromosome 19 (i.e. 19q) and is recognized as a genetic marker predictive of therapeutic response to both chemotherapy and combined chemoradiotherapy and overall longer survival in patients with diffuse gliomas, especially those with oligodendroglial components 1,2,4.
Historically, the 1p19q codeletion was present in up to 70-85% of oligodendrogliomas and 50% of oligoastrocytomas 1,4. Since the updated 4th edition of the WHO classification of CNS tumors (2016), the importance of 1p19q codeletion had become essential for the diagnosis of oligodendroglioma (along with the IDH mutation).
In other words:
IDH positive + 1p19q codeletion = oligodendroglioma = better prognosis
IDH positive + no 1p19q codeletion = astrocytoma
When diffuse adult gliomas have non-mutated IDH (i.e. ‘wild-type’) the status of 1p19q is of uncertain clinical significance and the tumor is considered to be not elsewhere classified (NEC) 6,7.
Similarly, if deletion is partial (e.g. 1p loss with 19q retention), then tumors should also be considered NEC 7.
- 1. Gadji M, Fortin D, Tsanaclis A, Drouin R. Is the 1p/19q Deletion a Diagnostic Marker of Oligodendrogliomas? Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 2009;194(1):12-22. doi:10.1016/j.cancergencyto.2009.05.004 - Pubmed
- 2. Boots-Sprenger S, Sijben A, Rijntjes J et al. Significance of Complete 1p/19q Co-Deletion, IDH1 Mutation and MGMT Promoter Methylation in Gliomas: Use with Caution. Mod Pathol. 2013;26(7):922-9. doi:10.1038/modpathol.2012.166 - Pubmed
- 3. The Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network. Comprehensive, Integrative Genomic Analysis of Diffuse Lower-Grade Gliomas. N Engl J Med. 2015;372(26):2481-98. doi:10.1056/nejmoa1402121
- 4. Jenkins R, Blair H, Ballman K et al. A T(1;19)(q10;p10) Mediates the Combined Deletions of 1p and 19q and Predicts a Better Prognosis of Patients with Oligodendroglioma. Cancer Res. 2006;66(20):9852-61. doi:10.1158/0008-5472.can-06-1796 - Pubmed
- 5. International Agency for Research on Cancer, Otmar D. Wiestler. WHO Classification of Tumours of the Central Nervous System. (2016) ISBN: 9789283244929 - Google Books
- 6. Zheng L, Zhang M, Hou J et al. High-Grade Gliomas with Isocitrate Dehydrogenase Wild-Type and 1p/19q Codeleted: Atypical Molecular Phenotype and Current Challenges in Molecular Diagnosis. Neuropathology. 2020;40(6):599-605. doi:10.1111/neup.12672 - Pubmed
- 7. Louis D, Ellison D, Brat D et al. CIMPACT-NOW: A Practical Summary of Diagnostic Points from Round 1 Updates. Brain Pathol. 2019;29(4):469-72. doi:10.1111/bpa.12732 - Pubmed