Abdominal hernia

Last revised by Arlene Campos on 20 Feb 2024

Abdominal hernias/herniae may be congenital or acquired and come with varying eponyms. They are distinguished primarily based on type, location and content. 

75-80% of all hernias are inguinal ref.

Content of the hernia is variable, and may include:

  1. external herniation

    • ventral: anterior and lateral abdominal hernias

    • dorsal

    • groin: most common

  2. diaphragmatic herniation

  3. internal herniation

Complications predominantly relate to bowel incarceration, strangulation, and intestinal obstruction. Large diaphragmatic hernias in infancy may be complicated by pulmonary hypoplasia.

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: indirect inguinal hernia
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  • Case 2: bilateral direct inguinal herniation
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  • Case 3: femoral hernia
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  • Case 4: obturator hernia
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  • Case 5: incisional hernia
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  • Case 6: Spigelian hernia
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  • Case 7: umbilical hernia : on ultrasound
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  • Case 8: Richter hernia
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  • Case 9: sliding hiatal hernia
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  • Case 10: hiatal and morgagni hernias
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  • Case 11: para-esophageal hiatal hernia
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  • Case 12: Maydl hernia
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  • Case 13: pantaloon hernia
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  • Case 14: posterior rectus sheath hernia
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  • Case 15: port site hernia
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  • Case 16: indirect Amyand hernia
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  • Case 17: ventral hernia
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  • Case 18: GB hernia
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