Abdominal radiology: tests and when to use them (curriculum)

Dr Jeremy Jones et al.

Abdominal radiology tests and when to use them are a set of articles that help to outline the common tests that may be used in radiology and what they are useful for.

Plain films (erect chest and supine abdomen), as well as ultrasound and CT abdomen, will be the bread and butter of the imaging performed for patients you will see on the ward and in a clinic.

Summary

  • erect CXR
    • performed to exclude perforation
  • AXR
    • first line imaging in some centres for potential obstruction
  • US abdomen
    • great for the biliary tree and renal tract
    • first line imaging investigation for deranged renal or liver function
    • requires the patient to be fasted for 4 hours
  • US renal
    • assessment of the renal tract (kidneys and bladder) only
    • requires the patient to have a full bladder
  • CT abdomen
    • high-dose examination
    • usually performed with IV contrast
    • high sensitivity for perforation and obstruction
    • find the cause of obstruction
    • excellent for assessment of intra-abdominal infection/inflammation
    • mass detection and characterisation
Medical student radiology curriculum
Share article

Article information

rID: 47940
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads

Cases and figures

  • Drag
    Case 1: normal CXR
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Drag
    Case 2: normal US abdomen
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Drag
    Case 3: normal CT abdomen
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Updating… Please wait.
    Loadinganimation

    Alert accept

    Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

    Alert accept Thank you for updating your details.