Abnormal ultrasound findings in rheumatological diseases (definitions)

Dr Amir Rezaee et al.

The OMERACT ultrasound group published a consensus in 2005 of widely accepted definitions of abnormal ultrasound findings in rheumatological diseases:

  • erosion: an intra-articular discontinuity of the bone surface that is visible in two orthogonal planes
  • joint effusion: abnormal hypoechoic or an anechoic (relative to subdermal fat, but sometimes isoechoic or hyperechoic) intra-articular material that is displaceable and compressible, but does not exhibit Doppler signal
  • synovitis: abnormal hypoechoic (relative to subdermal fat, but sometimes isoechoic or hyperechoic) intra-articular tissue that is non displaceable, poorly compressible, and may exhibit Doppler signal
  • tenosynovitis: abnormal anechoic and/or hypoechoic (relative to tendon fibers) tendon sheath widening or distention, which can be related to the presence of both abnormal tenosynovial fluid and/or synovial hypertrophy
  • enthesitis: entheseal thickening, hypoechogenicity, and the presence of Doppler signal as a marker of active inflammation
Share article

Article Information

rID: 44039
Section: Approach
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads

Updating… Please wait.
Loadinganimation

Alert accept

Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

Alert accept Thank you for updating your details.