Accepted abbreviations

Dr Henry Knipe and Dr Jeremy Jones et al.

There are a number of accepted abbreviations that we use on We would like the site to be as standardised as possible and we have therefore chosen our accepted abbreviations and would ask that where possible these are used:

  • e.g. not eg./e.g/eg (short for "exempli gratia", meaning "for example")
  • i.e. not ie./i.e/ie (short for "id est", meaning "that is")
  • vs not vs. (meaning "versus")
  • et al not et al. or et. al. (short for "et alii", meaning "and others")
  • etc not etc. (short for "etcetera", meaning "and so on")
  • a.k.a. (AKA also allowed, but not preferred) not aka (short for "also known as")
  • cf not c.f. (short for "confer", meaning "compare")
  • NB not n.b. (short for "nota bene", meaning "note well")

As a general note on abbreviations, please do not use abbreviations that are not widely known and used (convenience acronyms), e.g. UE for "uraemic encephalopathy". There is no need to do this, as we don't need to worry about word length or count (as in journal articles). Furthermore, when not reading a text from the start it can be very confusing to encounter custom-made or little-known abbreviations.

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rID: 31052
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