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At the time the article was created Ayla Al Kabbani had no recorded disclosures.View Ayla Al Kabbani's current disclosures
At the time the article was last revised Candace Makeda Moore had no recorded disclosures.View Candace Makeda Moore's current disclosures
Pathologic aerophagia is a rare condition caused by excessive and inconvenient air swallowing. It is a self-limiting condition affecting mainly children exposed to high grades of stress but can be a persistent problem in children with psychiatric or neurological disorders.
- severe persisting abdominal distention: minimal in the morning, maximal in the evening
- abdominal pain
- reduced appetite
- audible air swallowing: pathognomonic of the disease
- functional intestinal disorders: mainly constipation
- respiratory restriction in cases of extreme abdominal distention
Plain radiograph shows diffuse gastric, small bowel and colon distention without signs of obstruction.
- intestinal necrosis or perforation
- death in severe cases
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- 2. de Jesus LE, Cestari AB, Filho OC, Fernandes MA, Firme LH. [Pathologic aerophagia: a rare cause of chronic abdominal distension]. (2015) Revista paulista de pediatria : orgao oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de Sao Paulo. 33 (3): 372-6. doi:10.1016/j.rpped.2015.01.003 - Pubmed