AIDS-defining illness

Last revised by Travis Fahrenhorst-Jones on 23 Sep 2021

AIDS-defining illnesses are conditions that in the setting of a HIV infection confirm the diagnosis of AIDS and do not commonly occur in immunocompetent individuals 2. According to the CDC surveillance case definition 1, they are:

Non-infectious / non-neoplastic

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: Pneumocystis pneumonia
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  • Case 2: pulmonary Kaposi sarcoma
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  • Case 3: Neurotoxoplasmosis - concentric target sign
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  • Case 4: candida esophagitis
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  • Case 5: Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)
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