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AIDS embryopathy

Last revised by Dr Bahman Rasuli on 21 Dec 2020

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) embryopathy is characterized by a group of dysmorphic features, which manifests either before or after birth in offsprings of women who are infected by HIV virus. The diagnosis, however, is in disfavour according to some authors 2.

Pathology

Transplacental infection occurs generally in early gestation. The rate of maternal to fetal viral transmission varies from 14% in Europe to 45% in Africa. Of all children infected with HIV virus, approximately 99% were infected from their mothers.

Radiographic features

Antenatal ultrasound

Sonographic features are broad and include:

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