Airway pressure release ventilation

Airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) is an alternative mode for mechanical ventilation. It can be adopted as a method of alternative method for difficult-to-oxygenate patients with acute lung injury / acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS).

Its is usually not recommended in patients who require deep sedation for management of their underlying disease (e.g., cerebral edema, status epilepticus etc).

History and etymology

It was described initially by MC Stock and JB Downs in 1987 1.

Article information

rID: 48421
System: Chest
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Airway pressure release ventilation (APRV)
  • APRV

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