American College of Radiology
The American College of Radiology (ACR) was founded in 1923 by Albert Soiland, an American radiologist 2. Its contemporary core purpose, according to its website, is "To serve patients and society by empowering members to advance the practice, science and professions of radiological care" 1.
In 1923, a bill was passed by politicians in California allowing lay individuals to set-up and run x-ray centers. This development greatly alarmed Albert Soiland (1873-1946), a pioneering radiologist working in Los Angeles. He felt that the time had come for radiology to be recognised as a bona fide medical specialty in the United States. Thus on the morning of June 26th 1923, he advanced a resolution at the House of Delegates of the American Medical Association (AMA) for radiology to be officially endorsed as a specialty and for a Section on Radiology to be established. The AMA duly promulgated radiology as a specialty, although it took until 1924 for the Section to be set-up 2.
On the evening of the same day, Soiland had dinner with twenty leading radiology colleagues. He proposed that a College of Radiology be founded, something with which his radiology dinner companions concurred. The American College of Radiology was incorporated in 1924.
Current Chair of the Board of Chancellors is Geraldine McGinty, the first female radiologist to hold this position.
The College is organised into 54 chapters (50 states, Washington DC, Canada, and the Council of Affiliated Regional Radiation Oncology Societies (CARROS)).
- ACR bulletin
- JACR (Journal of American College of Radiology)
- first published January 2004 4
Currently over 38,000, including radiologists, radiation oncologists, nuclear medicine physicians and medical physicists 1.
- 1. American College of Radiology. "ACR Fact Sheet." https://www.acr.org/About-ACR/Fact-Sheet. ACR.org. [retrieved 17th April 2018].
- 2. Tuddenham WJ. Albert Soiland: pioneer radiologist. (1979) Radiology. 131 (3): 578. doi:10.1148/131.3.578 - Pubmed
- 3. doi:10.1016/s1546-1440(03)00011-5
- 4. Amis ES. Sugar or spice? (2004) JACR. 1:1-1.
Related Radiopaedia articles
History of radiology
- key milestones
- 1895: Wilhelm Roentgen detects x-rays
- 1896: Antoine Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity
- 1896: Sydney Rowland founds the first radiology journal, Archives of Clinical Skiagraphy
- 1896: Thomas Edison invents the first commercially-available fluoroscope
- 1898: Marie Curie publishes her paper 'Rays emitted by uranium and thorium compounds'
- 1913: Albert Salomon commences research leading to mammography
- 1927: Egas Moniz develops cerebral angiography
- 1934: Frederic and Irene Joliot-Curie artificially produce radioisotopes
- 1936: John Lawrence uses phosphorus-32 to treat leukemia
- 1939: Kitty Clark publishes Clark’s Positioning in Radiography
- 1950s: David Kuhl invents Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
- 1953: Sven-Ivar Seldinger develops his famous technique
- 1957: Ian Donald invents fetal ultrasound
- 1964: Charles Dotter introduces image-guided intervention
- 1965: Benjamin Felson publishes his Principles of Chest Roentgenology
- 1972: Godfrey Hounsfield introduces the CT scanner (co-developed with Allan Cormack)
- 1977: Ray Damadian builds the first commercial MRI scanner
- 2005: Frank Gaillard creates Radiopaedia.org :)
- 2012: inaugural International Day of Radiology
- key figures in the history of radiology
- Antoine Henri Becquerel
- Kathleen "Kitty" Clark
- Allan M Cormack
- Marie Curie
- Ray V Damadian
- Ian Donald
- Charles T Dotter
- Thomas A Edison
- Charles Thurstan Holland
- Godfrey N Hounsfield
- Frederick Joliot
- Irene Joliot-Curie
- David E Kuhl
- Paul C Lauterbur
- Peter Mansfield
- Egas Moniz
- Wilhelm C Roentgen
- Sven-Ivar Seldinger
- Albert Soiland
- Florence Stoney
- important figures in the history of radiology
- Nobel Prize winners in radiology
- history of modalities
- plain radiography
- nuclear medicine
- Anger camera
- interventional radiology
- interventional neuroradiology
- history of radiology journals
- history of radiology organisations
- United Kingdom
- United States
- pioneering radiology books