Anatomy of an article

Last revised by Daniel J Bell on 3 Aug 2021

The anatomy of an article describes the component parts of any article at All articles include a title, the main content, references and other attributes.

The title of the article may seem obvious, but some considerations as to consistency are required. We use sentence case for titles (i.e. only the first word and proper nouns are capitalized). 

Read more: article title

Text with internal links to other articles. Although articles vary greatly in length, we are trying to maintain a uniform article structure where possible.

It is important for the sources of your information to be cited. Direct references should be made using a superscript citation 1. In most cases, it looks better if there is a space between the citation and the preceding work, but no space between it and any following punctuation.

This section contains a number of important properties which each article can have

Section: All articles are automatically listed in the "Encyclopedia". However, there are other specific areas or sections that the article can be listed under, e.g. "mnemonic" or "classification". Selecting one of these ensures that it is also listed in that section (links immediately below header). An article can belong to more than one section.

System: This identifies the system to which the article relates, e.g. "Chest", "Central nervous system". Many articles will have more than one system.

Tags: Tags are words or phrases that you think are useful metadata, e.g. Jefferson fracture may have the tags "trauma" "fracture" "cervical spine". Each tag should be comma separated. Tags are clickable allowing linking between similar articles.

Synonyms: A particular structure or condition will often be known by a number of different spellings or names. Adding synonyms allows other articles to link to this article via a synonym, e.g. "Fallopian tubes" and "Uterine tubes". Synonyms also allow for alternative spellings, e.g "Thornwaldt cyst" and "Tornwaldt cyst". By checking the box to the right of the synonym you can elect to list the synonym in the encylopaedia or not. There is little point listing "Hemorrhage" and "Hemorrhage" and "Hemorrhages" next to each other, however listing both "Fallopian tubes" and "Uterine tubes" is helpful.

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