Anion gap metabolic acidosis causes (mnemonic)

Last revised by Kyriacos S. Evangelou on 9 Aug 2021

A mnemonic to remember the commonest causes of anion gap metabolic acidosis is:



  • G: glycols (ethylene glycol and propylene glycol)
  • O: oxoproline
  • L: L-lactate
  • D: D-lactate
  • M: methanol
  • A: aspirin
  • R: renal failure
  • K: ketoacidosis

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