Antepartum hemorrhage

Last revised by Dr Tristan Skalina on 23 Jul 2019

Antepartum hemorrhage (APH) refers to vaginal bleeding during the second half of pregnancy (> 20 weeks gestation). APH may occur in varying degrees from mild to severe, with concomitant risk to mother and baby and potential to result in severe maternal/fetal compromise, including death.

It complicates 3-5% of all pregnancies 3. APH is associated with an increased risk of Postpartum hemorrhage.

Causes include:

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: from placental abruption
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