Anterior condylar confluence

Last revised by Frank Gaillard on 14 May 2020

The anterior condylar confluence is an extracranial venous structure at the base of skull that communicates extensively with regional veins and dural venous sinuses

It is located immediately anterior to the hypoglossal canal and medial to the jugular vein, just inferior to the jugular bulb and inferior petrosal sinus 1,2

It is formed by the confluence of the anterior, lateral and posterior condylar veins and communicates with many of the nearby venous structures:

History and etymology

The anterior condylar confluence was first described by  Jean Baptiste Paulin Trolard (1842–1910), a French anatomist, in 1868 2,3

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