Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

Last revised by Joshua Yap on 20 Nov 2023

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a common procedure post ACL tear. It aims to reduce knee joint instability and thus prevent any further meniscal and/or cartilage damage. 

There are numerous surgical techniques for ACL reconstruction 1-3:

The bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft and four-strand hamstring autograft are the two most commonly employed techniques 1,2.

See article anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction complications for further details. 

Clinical failure is reported in ~10% (range 6-12%) of patients 4. ~18% (range 14-22%) of patients develop symptomatic osteoarthritis post ACL reconstruction 1

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