Last revised by Craig Hacking on 14 Sep 2021

The aorta, the great artery, is the largest artery of the human body and carries oxygenated blood ejected from the left ventricle to the systemic circulation. It is divided into:

It has branches from each section and gradually tapers down to its termination where it bifurcates into the common iliac arteries anterior to the L4 vertebral body.

Variant anatomy

Related pathology

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: aorta
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  • Figure 2: mediastinum (Gray's illustration)
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  • Figure 3: development of the aortic arches (Gray's illustration)
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