Aortic valve prolapse

Last revised by Dr Henry Knipe on 22 May 2022

Aortic valve prolapse refers to the improper closure of aortic valve leaflets. Aortic valve prolapse can result in aortic regurgitation, aortic root dilatation, and eccentric remodeling of the left ventricle

Two-dimensional echocardiography demonstrated a downward displacement of the aortic valve leaflets towards the left ventricular outflow tract during diastole. M mode echocardiography showed increased aortic valve reflections, eccentric left ventricular hypertrophy, and dilatation of the aortic root due to aortic regurgitation 2,3.

Color and continuous Doppler presented continuous turbulence in the left ventricular outflow tract 4

Surgical procedures such as subcommisural annuloplasty and valvular replacement can help correct the prolapsing aortic valve cusps 5

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