Arm flexion

Last revised by Patrick O'Shea on 17 Sep 2023

Arm flexion represents rotation in the anatomic plane such that the distal humerus moves ventrally. It represents raising the arm anteriorly and isolated flexion can achieve approximately 150-170° of movement. The opposite movement is arm extension, both of which contribute to the combined movement of shoulder circumduction.

It is produced by:

See also movements of the arm.

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