Last revised by Frank Gaillard on 13 Apr 2020

Arthroplasty is a procedure that reconstructs or reforms the articular surface of a joint. There are numerous types of arthroplasty that range from complete replacement of all sides of the joint (total joint replacement) or one articular surface (hemiarthroplasty) with various combinations of metal, ceramics and synthetic materials to various procedures that seek to realine the joint (e.g. osteotomies) or resurfacing with tissue. 

History and etymology

Arthoplasty is form the greek arthron meaning joint and plassein meaning to mold or to form 1,2

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