Artificial intelligence

Dr Henry Knipe and Dr Matt Adams et al.

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the "branch of computer science dealing with the simulation of intelligent behavior in computers" 1. AI algorithms and in particular deep learning (part of machine learning) aim to either assist humans with solving a problem or solve the problem without human input. The exponential increase in computational processing and memory capability has opened up the potential for AI to handle much larger datasets, including those required in radiology.

AI is often used as an umbrella term under which numerous other specific approaches are found, including: 

  • computer-aided diagnosis (CAD): often used broadly to include both computer-aided detection and computer-aided diagnosis
    • computer-aided detection (CADe): can be used to mark specific areas of images and often assists in highlighting areas which may seem abnormal in the data (including pathological findings)
    • computer-aided diagnosis (CADx): helps a practitioner identify and classify pathology in medical data such as medical images
  • machine learning
  • natural language processing
  • rule-based expert systems
  • radiomics
  • reduction of noise and optimization of image acquisition
Artificial intelligence
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Article information

rID: 56457
Tag: refs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Artificial intelligence (AI)

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