Atlas of Normal Roentgen Variants That May Simulate Disease

Last revised by Rohit Sharma on 30 Mar 2024

The Atlas of Normal Roentgen Variants That May Simulate Disease is a classic radiology text that was first published in 1973, and is now in its ninth edition (2012) 1,3. The first - and all subsequent - editions, were written by an American radiologist Theodore Eliot Keats (1924-2010) who died during the development of the 2012 iteration 1,2

Mark W Anderson (1957-fl. 2021), an American musculoskeletal radiologist, who was a close colleague of Dr Keats at the University of Virginia, has been a co-author since the seventh edition, which was published in 2003 1.

The Atlas consists of a large collection of plain radiographs of anatomic variants, that have been chosen because of their potential to mimic and be misinterpreted as pathology. It has become one of the indispensable reference books, that is found in virtually every radiology department worldwide, as well as emergency departments and was once said to be the volume most commonly purloined from any department of radiology 2.


  • 1st (1973) 3

  • 2nd (1979)

  • 3rd (1984)

  • 4th (1988)

  • 5th (1992)

  • 6th (1996)

  • 7th (2001)

  • 8th (2006)

  • 9th (2012)

See also

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