Atypical thoracic vertebrae
Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
At the time the article was created Dinesh Palipana had no recorded disclosures.View Dinesh Palipana's current disclosures
At the time the article was last revised Craig Hacking had no recorded disclosures.View Craig Hacking's current disclosures
T1 and T9 - T12 are considered atypical thoracic vertebrae.
- T1 bears some resemblance to low cervical vertebrae
- T9 has no inferior demifacet
- T10 often, but not always, shares features with T11 and T12.
For a basic anatomic description of the structure a generic vertebra, see vertebrae.
- 1. DSc SSP. Gray's Anatomy. Churchill Livingstone. (2011) ISBN:0443066841. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 2. FRCS CSS. Last's Anatomy. Churchill Livingstone. (2011) ISBN:0702033952. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 3. FHEA PHAMBBSFFRCRD, (Cantab) (Eng) (Glasg) FRCR JDSMAFRCSFRCS, Loukas M et-al. McMinn and Abrahams' clinical atlas of human anatomy. Mosby. ISBN:0723436975. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 4. Snell RS. Clinical Anatomy By Regions Internationa. LWW. ISBN:1451110324. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon