Ball and socket ankle joint
Citation, DOI & article data
A ball and socket ankle joint is a variant affecting the ankle where there is a rounded or spherical configuration to the talar dome with the corresponding concavity of the tibial plafond. The distal fibula may or may not be involved.
The etiology has been debated with two theories proposed:
- acquired in early childhood (by age 5) secondary to osseous tarsal coalition
- 1. Channon GM, Brotherton BJ. The ball and socket ankle joint. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1979;61 (1): 85-9. Pubmed citation
- 2. Takakura Y, Tamai S, Masuhara K. Genesis of the ball-and-socket ankle. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1986;68 (5): 834-7. Pubmed citation
- 3. SCHREIBER RR. CONGENITAL AND ACQUIRED BALL-AND-SOCKET ANKLE JOINT. Radiology. 1965;84 (5): 940-4. doi:10.1148/84.5.940 - Pubmed citation