Basal ganglia and thalamus signal abnormalities

Last revised by Joshua Yap on 26 Mar 2023

Basal ganglia and thalamus signal abnormalities occur in a wide variety of conditions. Ischemia/hypoxia, metabolic disorders and toxins, particularly those that affect the respiratory chain, have a predilection for affecting the basal ganglia as they are highly metabolically active. 

They can be thought of in terms of the specific signal abnormality or according to the underlying disease processes.

Signal intensity changes

Although there is significant overlap between some of these lists they are discussed separately. 

Pathological processes

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