Basal vein of Rosenthal
Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
At the time the article was created Frank Gaillard had no recorded disclosures.View Frank Gaillard's current disclosures
The basal veins, also known as the paramedian basal veins or veins of Rosenthal, are paired, paramedian veins which originate on the medial surface of the temporal lobe and run posteriorly and medially. Each vein passes lateral to the midbrain through the ambient cistern to drain into the vein of Galen with the internal cerebral veins. They are closely related to the posterior cerebral arteries (PCA) and the trochlear nerves (cranial nerve IV) within the ambient cisterns.
The drainage territory is highly variable and usually includes the mesial temporal lobes and associated substructures such as the parahippocampal gyrus and uncus. It may also drain the posterior insular region.
History and etymology
The basal vein was described by German zoologist, anatomist and doctor Friedrich Christian Rosenthal (born 1780) in 1819 when investigating the branches of the vein of Galen 3.
- 1. Harrigan MR, Deveikis JP. Handbook of Cerebrovascular Disease and Neurointerventional Technique. Not Avail. (2012) ISBN:1617799467. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 2. Krayenbuehl H, Yasargil MG. Cerebral Angiography. Thieme. (1982) ISBN:0865770670. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 3. Benner D, Hendricks B, Benet A, Lawton M. Eponyms in Vascular Neurosurgery: Comprehensive Review of 18 Veins. World Neurosurg. 2021;151:190-200. doi:10.1016/j.wneu.2021.05.053 - Pubmed