Basal vein of Rosenthal
Citation, DOI & article data
The basal veins, also known as the veins of Rosenthal, are paired, paramedian veins which originate on the medial surface of the temporal lobe and run posteriorly and medially. Each vein passes lateral to the midbrain through the ambient cistern to drain into the vein of Galen with the internal cerebral veins. They are closely related to the posterior cerebral arteries (PCA) and the trochlear nerves (cranial nerve IV) within the ambient cisterns.
The drainage territory is highly variable and usually includes the mesial temporal lobes and associated substructures such as the parahippocampal gyrus and uncus. It may also drain the posterior insular region.
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