Basion-axial interval

The basion-axial interval (BAI) is the horizontal distance between the basion and the posterior cortex of the axis, used in the diagnosis of atlanto-occipital dissociation injuries.

It is the distance (in mm) between the basion and the superior extension of the posterior cortical margin of the body of the axis in the median (midsagittal) plane.

Normal values are <12 mm on plain radiographs and were not found to be reliable of on CT 1 where they range from -8.7 mm to +26 mm in normal subjects.

See also

Article information

rID: 40482
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Basion-axial interval (BAI)

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Cases and figures

  • Base of skull lines (annotated images)
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