Citation, DOI & article data
Multiple seemingly unrelated terms for blind-ending bifid ureters are currently in use and there is no consensus on terminology in the literature. These include bifid ureter with a blind-ending pouch, aborted bifid ureteral diverticulum, and aborted duplication of the collecting system ref.
Present in ~5% (range 1-10%) of the population 1,2.
A bifid ureter is present when there is a duplex kidney (separate pelvicalyceal collecting systems) draining into separate ureters, but the ureters unite before draining into the bladder at a single ureteric orifice 1.
Rarely, one of the branches of a bifid ureter will be blind-ending and will not unite 2.
- double ureter: persistent of ureters to drain at separate ureteric orifices in the bladder
- 1. Imaging of Urogenital Diseases: A Color Atlas. Springer. ISBN:B0045OWGFY. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 2. Karabacak OR, Bozkurt H, Dilli A et-al. Distal blind-ending branch of a bifid ureter. Arch Med Sci. 2013;9 (1): 188-90. doi:10.5114/aoms.2012.30951 - Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation
- 3. Chang E, Santillan C, O'Boyle MK. Blind-ending branch of a bifid ureter: multidetector CT imaging findings. (2011) The British journal of radiology. 84 (998): e38-40. doi:10.1259/bjr/15001058 - Pubmed