Bifid ureter

Dr Matt A. Morgan and Dr Henry Knipe et al.

A bifid ureter, or ureter fissus, is an example of incomplete duplication of a duplex collecting system


Present in ~5% (range 1-10%) of the population 1-2

Gross anatomy

A bifid ureter is formed when there is a duplex kidney (separate pelvicalyceal collecting systems) drain into separate ureters, but the ureters unite before draining into the bladder at a single ureteric orifice 1

Rarely, one of the branches of a bifid ureter will be blind-ending and will not unite 2, as observed in case 6. 

Differential diagnosis

  • double ureter: persistent of ureters to drain at separate ureteric orifices in the bladder
Anatomy: Abdominopelvic
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Article information

rID: 25378
System: Urogenital
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Ureter fissus

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Cases and figures

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    Case 1
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    Case 2
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    A 5 min post cont...
    Case 3: IVU
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    Case 4
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    Case 5
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    Case 6
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