Last revised by Andrew Murphy on 2 Aug 2021

Bioprinting refers to 3D printing which includes biological material in the additive manufacturing process. Cells and other materials like extracellular matrix are harvested, often from a patient, to produce the materials for printing. Cells are often used with dissolvable gel or collagen scaffolding to create form. There are many different methods for bioprinting.

Practical Points

  • bioprinting for patients begins with imaging (almost always CT or MRI) to understand the intended shape of what is to be created
  • bioprinted organs need not be replicas of normal biological organs
  • bioprinted objects can incorporate devices or other non-biological parts

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