Citation, DOI & article data
- flexion contracture of a proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint
- extension of a distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint
Boutonnière deformities occur when the central slip of the extensor digitorum tendon is torn or stretched resulting in PIP joint flexion. Increasing PIP joint flexion causes further extensor retinaculum damage resulting in "buttonholing" of the proximal phalanx between the lateral bands of the extensor tendon. Secondary DIP joint extension then occurs 4.
History and etymology
"Boutonnière" is French for buttonhole. With the loss of integrity of the central aspect of the extensor tendon at the PIP joint, the PIP joint flexes, passing between the lateral bands just as a button passes through the buttonhole of a shirt.
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