The broad ligament(s) are the lateral folds of the parietal peritoneum which reflect over the upper genital tract.
The broad ligament extends from the lateral aspect of the uterus to the lateral pelvic wall and can be divided into three main components - the mesosalpinx, mesovarium and mesometrium.
- superiorly: uterine tube
- superolaterally: suspensory ligament of the ovary
- posteroinferiorly: mesovarium
- medially: ovarian ligament
- mesometrium: drape-like largest portion of the broad ligament
- extends from the pelvic floor to the uterine body and ovarian ligament
The contents of the broad ligament include:
- uterine tube
- blood vessels
- ovarian artery
- uterine artery
- ovarian ligament
- suspensory ligament of the ovary
- round ligament of uterus
- vestigial remnants of the mesonephric tubules
A useful mnemonic to remember the contents can be found here.
- congenital absence of the broad ligament
- internal herniation
- tumours of the broad ligament: usually leiomyoma