Bronchial arterial enlargement

Bronchial arterial enlargement usually occurs as a result of bronchial pulmonary shunting. This can result from a number of situations:

Radiographic features

Assessment of the presence and extent of bronchial arterial enlargement is particularly important in those presenting with hemoptysis.


The bronchial arteries typically arise from the thoracic aorta at the T3-T8 levels. 80% percent of arteries arise from the T5 to T6 level. Enlarged arteries are often seen and dilated tortuous vessels at this level in the mediastinum. In this situation, the proximal bronchial arteries are usually >2 mm 2,7.

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Article information

rID: 29751
System: Chest
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Enlarged bronchial artery
  • Enlarged bronchial arteries
  • Bronchial artery hypertrophy
  • Bronchial arterial hypertrophy
  • Bronchial artery dilatation
  • Bronchial arterial dilatation
  • Enlargement of bronchial arteries

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: with concurrent bronchiectasis
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