Broncho-esophageal fistula

Broncho-esophageal fistula (BOF) refers to abnormal communication between a bronchus and the esophagus.

For congenital fistulas, please refer to the article on congenital tracheo-esophageal fistula.

A small proportion of patient with congenital forms may present in adulthood. A common presenting feature is with recurrent pulmonary infections with other uncommon presentations being recurrent coughing bouts with meals and rarely hemoptysis.

BOF can be either congenital or acquired, with the latter including:

Oesophageal pathology
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Article information

rID: 29288
System: Chest
Section: Gamuts
Tag: cases, cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Broncho-oesophageal fistulae
  • Broncho-oesophageal fistulation
  • Broncho-esophageal fistula
  • Broncho-esophageal fistulation
  • Oesophagobronchial fistula

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1
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  • Case 2
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  • Case 3: secondary to bronchogenic carcinoma
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