Broncho-esophageal fistula

Last revised by Daniel J Bell on 19 Dec 2019

A bronch-esophageal fistula (BOF) refers to an abnormal communication between a bronchus and the esophagus.

For congenital fistulas, please refer to the article on congenital tracheo-esophageal fistula.

A small proportion of patient with congenital forms may present in adulthood. A common presenting feature is with recurrent pulmonary infections with other uncommon presentations being recurrent coughing bouts with meals and rarely hemoptysis.

A broncho-esophageal fistula can be either congenital or acquired, with the latter including:

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