Broncho-esophageal fistula

A bronch-esophageal fistula (BOF) refers to an abnormal communication between a bronchus and the esophagus.

For congenital fistulas, please refer to the article on congenital tracheo-esophageal fistula.

A small proportion of patient with congenital forms may present in adulthood. A common presenting feature is with recurrent pulmonary infections with other uncommon presentations being recurrent coughing bouts with meals and rarely hemoptysis.

A broncho-esophageal fistula can be either congenital or acquired, with the latter including:

Oesophageal pathology
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Article information

rID: 29288
System: Chest
Tag: cases, cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Broncho-oesophageal fistulae
  • Broncho-oesophageal fistulation
  • Broncho-esophageal fistula
  • Broncho-esophageal fistulation
  • Oesophagobronchial fistula

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1
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  • Case 2
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  • Case 3: secondary to bronchogenic carcinoma
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