Broncho-esophageal fistula

Last revised by Daniel J Bell on 19 Dec 2019

A bronch-esophageal fistula (BOF) refers to an abnormal communication between a bronchus and the esophagus.

For congenital fistulas, please refer to the article on congenital tracheo-esophageal fistula.

A small proportion of patient with congenital forms may present in adulthood. A common presenting feature is with recurrent pulmonary infections with other uncommon presentations being recurrent coughing bouts with meals and rarely hemoptysis.

A broncho-esophageal fistula can be either congenital or acquired, with the latter including:

ADVERTISEMENT: Supporters see fewer/no ads

Cases and figures

  • Case 1
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case 2
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case 3: secondary to bronchogenic carcinoma
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Updating… Please wait.

     Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

     Thank you for updating your details.