Bronchospasm refers to a sudden constriction of the bronchial wall muscles.
It is caused by the release (degranulation) of substances from mast cells or basophils under the influence of anaphylatoxins.
It can be precipitated in many situations
- certain formed of pulmonary oedema
- allergic reactions - anaphylaxis
- certain allergic hypersensitivity states
- non selective beta blockers
Treatment and prognosis
Its debilitating effects in difficulty in breathing can be which can be very mild to severe. Treatment is usually with beta 2-adrenergic agonists.
- 1. Walsh-Kelly CM, Kim MK, Hennes HM. Chest radiography in the initial episode of bronchospasm in children: can clinical variables predict pathologic findings?. Annals of emergency medicine. 28 (4): 391-5. Pubmed
- 2. Beales JS, Saxton HM. The radiographic demonstration of bronchospasm and its relief by aminophylline. The British journal of radiology. 41 (492): 899-901. doi:10.1259/0007-1285-41-492-899 - Pubmed