Buford complex

Buford complex is a congenital glenoid labrum variant where the anterosuperior labrum is absent in the 1-3 o'clock position and the middle glenohumeral ligament is thickened (cord-like) and originates directly from the superior labrum at the base of the biceps tendon and crosses the subscapularis tendon to insert on the humerus. It is present in approximately 1.5% of individuals 2

Differential diagnosis

A Buford complex can be mistaken for a superior labral tear.


Upper limb anatomy
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Article Information

rID: 1024
System: Musculoskeletal
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Buford complexes
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